CompTIA Security+ (Security Plus) Exam Syllabus

Security+ PDF, SY0-601 Dumps, SY0-601 PDF, Security+ VCE, SY0-601 Questions PDF, CompTIA SY0-601 VCE, CompTIA Security Plus Dumps, CompTIA Security Plus PDFUse this quick start guide to collect all the information about CompTIA Security+ (SY0-601) Certification exam. This study guide provides a list of objectives and resources that will help you prepare for items on the SY0-601 CompTIA Security+ exam. The Sample Questions will help you identify the type and difficulty level of the questions and the Practice Exams will make you familiar with the format and environment of an exam. You should refer this guide carefully before attempting your actual CompTIA Security Plus certification exam.

The CompTIA Security+ certification is mainly targeted to those candidates who want to build their career in Core domain. The CompTIA Security+ exam verifies that the candidate possesses the fundamental knowledge and proven skills in the area of CompTIA Security Plus.

CompTIA Security+ Exam Summary:

Exam Name CompTIA Security+
Exam Code SY0-601
Exam Price $349 (USD)
Duration 90 mins
Number of Questions 90
Passing Score 750 / 900
Schedule Exam CompTIA Marketplace
Pearson VUE
Sample Questions CompTIA Security+ Sample Questions
Practice Exam CompTIA SY0-601 Certification Practice Exam

CompTIA SY0-601 Exam Syllabus Topics:

Topic Details

Threats, Attacks, and Vulnerabilities - 24%

Compare and contrast different types of social engineering techniques. 1. Phishing
2. Smishing
3. Vishing
4. Spam
5. Spam over instant messaging (SPIM)
6. Spear phishing
7. Dumpster diving
8. Shoulder surfing
9. Pharming
10. Tailgating
11. Eliciting information
12. Whaling
13. Prepending
14. Identity fraud
15. Invoice scams
16. Credential harvesting
17. Reconnaissance
18. Hoax
19. Impersonation
20. Watering hole attack
21. Typosquatting
22. Pretexting
23. Influence campaigns
  • Hybrid warfare
  • Social media

24. Principles (reasons for effectiveness)

  • Authority
  • Intimidation
  • Consensus
  • Scarcity
  • Familiarity
  • Trust
  • ​Urgency
Given a scenario, analyze potential indicators to determine the type of attack.
1. Malware
  • Ransomware
  • Trojans
  • Worms
  • Potentially unwanted programs (PUPs)
  • Fileless virus
  • Command and control
  • Bots
  • Cryptomalware
  • ​Logic bombs
  • Spyware
  • Keyloggers
  • ​Remote access Trojan (RAT)
  • Rootkit
  • Backdoor
2. Password attacks
  • Spraying
  • Dictionary
  • Brute force
    - Offline
    - Online
  • Rainbow table
  • Plaintext/unencrypted

3. Physical attacks

  • Malicious Universal Serial Bus (USB) cable
  • Malicious flash drive
  • Card cloning
  • Skimming

4. Adversarial artificial intelligence (AI)

  • Tainted training data for machine learning (ML)
  • ​Security of machine learning algorithms
5. Supply-chain attacks
6. Cloud-based vs. on-premises attacks
7. Cryptographic attacks
  • Birthday
  • Collision
  • Downgrade
Given a scenario, analyze potential indicators associated with application attacks. 1. Privilege escalation
2. Cross-site scripting
3. Injections
  • Structured query language (SQL)
  • Dynamic-link library (DLL)
  • Lightweight Director Access Protocol (LDAP)
  • Extensible Markup Language (XML)

4. Pointer/object dereference
5. Directory traversal
6. Buffer overflows
7. Race conditions

  • Time of check/time of use

8. Error handling
9. Improper input handling
10. Replay attack

  • Session replays

11. Integer overflow
12. Request forgeries

  • Server-side
  • Cross-site

13. Application programming interface (API) attacks
14. Resource exhaustion
15. Memory leak
16. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) stripping
17. Driver manipulation

  • Shimming
  • Refactoring

18. Pass the hash

Given a scenario, analyze potential indicators associated with network attacks.
1. Wireless
  • Evil twin
  • Rogue access point
  • Bluesnarfing
  • Bluejacking
  • Disassociation
  • Jamming
  • Radio frequency identification (RFID)
  • Near-field communication (NFC)
  • Initialization vector (IV)

2. On-path attack (previously known as man-in-the-middle attack/man-in-the-browser attack)
3. Layer 2 attacks

  • Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) poisoning
  • Media access control (MAC) flooding
  • MAC cloning

4. Domain name system (DNS)

  • Domain hijacking
  • DNS poisoning
  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL) redirection
  • Domain reputation

5. Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS)

  • Network
  • Application
  • Operational technology (OT)

6. Malicious code or script execution

  • PowerShell
  • Python
  • Bash
  • Macros
  • ​Visual Basic for Applications (VBA)
Explain different threat actors, vectors, and intelligence sources. 1. Actors and threats
  • Advanced persistent threat (APT)
  • Insider threats
  • State actors
  • Hacktivists
  • Script kiddies
  • Criminal syndicates
  • Hackers
    - Authorized
    - Unauthorized
    - Semi-authorized
  • Shadow IT
  • Competitors

2. Attributes of actors

  • Internal/external
  • Level of sophistication/capability
  • Resources/funding
  • Intent/motivation

3. Vectors

  • Direct access
  • Wireless
  • Email
  • Supply chain
  • Social media
  • Removable media
  • Cloud

4. Threat intelligence sources

  • Open-source intelligence (OSINT)
  • Closed/proprietary
  • Vulnerability databases
  • Public/private information-sharing centers
  • Dark web
  • Indicators of compromise
  • Automated Indicator Sharing (AIS)
    - Structured Threat Information eXpression (STIX)/Trusted Automated eXchange of Intelligence Information (TAXII)
  • Predictive analysis
  • Threat maps
  • File/code repositories

5. Research sources

  • Vendor websites
  • Vulnerability feeds
  • Conferences
  • Academic journals
  • Request for comments (RFC)
  • Local industry groups
  • Social media
  • Threat feeds
  • ​Adversary tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP)
Explain the security concerns associated with various types of vulnerabilities. 1. Cloud-based vs. on-premises vulnerabilities
2. Zero-day
3. Weak configurations
  • Open permissions
  • Unsecure root accounts
  • Errors
  • Weak encryption
  • Unsecure protocols
  • Default settings
  • ​Open ports and services
4. Third-party risks
  • Vendor management
    - System integration
    - Lack of vendor support
  • Supply chain
  • Outsourced code development
  • Data storage
5. Improper or weak patch management
  • Firmware
  • Operating system (OS)
  • Applications

6. Legacy platforms
7. Impacts

  • Data loss
  • Data breaches
  • Data exfiltration
  • Identity theft
  • Financial
  • Reputation
  • ​Availability loss
Summarize the techniques used in security assessments. 1. Threat hunting
  • Intelligence fusion
  • Threat feeds
  • Advisories and bulletins
  • Maneuver

2. Vulnerability scans

  • False positives
  • False negatives
  • Log reviews
  • Credentialed vs. non-credentialed
  • Intrusive vs. non-intrusive
  • Application
  • Web application
  • Network
  • Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE)/Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS)
  • Configuration review

3. Syslog/Security information and event management (SIEM)

  • Review reports
  • Packet capture
  • Data inputs
  • User behavior analysis
  • Sentiment analysis
  • Security monitoring
  • Log aggregation
  • ​Log collectors
4. Security orchestration, automation, and response (SOAR)
Explain the techniques used in penetration testing. 1. Penetration testing
  • Known environment
  • Unknown environment
  • ​Partially known environment
  • Rules of engagement
  • Lateral movement
  • Privilege escalation
  • Persistence
  • Cleanup
  • Bug bounty
  • ​Pivoting
2. Passive and active reconnaissance
  • Drones
  • War flying
  • War driving
  • Footprinting
  • OSINT

3. Exercise types

  • Red-team
  • Blue-team
  • White-team
  • ​Purple-team

Architecture and Design - 21%

Explain the importance of security concepts in an enterprise environment.
1. Configuration management
  • Diagrams
  • Baseline configuration
  • Standard naming conventions
  • Internet protocol (IP) schema

2. Data sovereignty
3. Data protection

  • Data loss prevention (DLP)
  • Masking
  • Encryption
  • At rest
  • In transit/motion
  • In processing
  • Tokenization
  • Rights management

4. Geographical considerations
5. Response and recovery controls
6. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)/Transport Layer Security (TLS) inspection
7. Hashing
8. API considerations
9. Site resiliency

  • Hot site
  • Cold site
  • Warm site

10. Deception and disruption

  • Honeypots
  • Honeyfiles
  • Honeynets
  • Fake telemetry
  • ​DNS sinkhole
Summarize virtualization and cloud computing concepts. 1. Cloud models
  • Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)
  • Platform as a service (PaaS)
  • Software as a service (SaaS)
  • Anything as a service (XaaS)
  • Public
  • Community
  • Private
  • ​Hybrid

2. Cloud service providers
3. Managed service provider (MSP)/managed security service provider (MSSP)
4. On-premises vs. off-premises
5. Fog computing
6. Edge computing
7. Thin client
8. Containers
9. Microservices/API
10. Infrastructure as code

  • Software-defined networking (SDN)
  • Software-defined visibility (SDV)

11. Serverless architecture
12. Services integration
13. Resource policies
14. Transit gateway
15. Virtualization

  • Virtual machine (VM) sprawl avoidance
  • VM escape protection
Summarize secure application development, deployment, and automation concepts.
1. Environment
  • Development
  • Test
  • Staging
  • Production
  • Quality assurance (QA)

2. Provisioning and deprovisioning
3. Integrity measurement
4. Secure coding techniques

  • Normalization
  • Stored procedures
  • Obfuscation/camouflage
  • Code reuse/dead code
  • Server-side vs. client-side execution and validation
  • Memory management
  • Use of third-party libraries and software development kits (SDKs)
  • Data exposure

5. Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)
6. Software diversity

  • Compiler
  • Binary

7. Automation/scripting

  • Automated courses of action
  • Continuous monitoring
  • Continuous validation
  • Continuous integration
  • Continuous delivery
  • Continuous deployment

8. Elasticity
9. Scalability
10. Version control

Summarize authentication and authorization design concepts. 1. Authentication methods
  • Directory services
  • Federation
  • Attestation
  • Technologies
    - Time-based one-time password (TOTP)
    - HMAC-based one-time password (HOTP)
    - Short message service (SMS)
    - Token key
    - Static codes
    - Authentication applications
    - Push notifications
    - Phone call
  • Smart card authentication
2. Biometrics
  • Fingerprint
  • Retina
  • Iris
  • Facial
  • Voice
  • Vein
  • Gait analysis
  • Efficacy rates
  • False acceptance
  • False rejection
  • Crossover error rate
3. Multifactor authentication (MFA) factors and attributes
  • Factors
    - Something you know
    - Something you have
    - Something you are
  • Attributes
    - Somewhere you are
    Something you can do
    Something you exhibit
    - Someone you know
4. Authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA)
5. Cloud vs. on-premises requirements
Given a scenario, implement cybersecurity resilience. 1. Redundancy
  • Geographic dispersal
  • Disk
    Redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID) levels
    Multipath
  • Network
    Load balancers
    Network interface card (NIC) teaming
  • Power
    Uninterruptible power supply (UPS)
    Generator
    Dual supply
    Managed power distribution units (PDUs)

2. Replication

  • Storage area network
  • VM

3. On-premises vs. cloud
4. Backup types

  • Full
  • Incremental
  • Snapshot
  • Differential
  • Tape
  • Disk
  • Copy
  • Network-attached storage (NAS)
  • Storage area network
  • Cloud
  • Image
  • Online vs. offline
  • Offsite storage
    Distance considerations

5. Non-persistence

  • Revert to known state
  • Last known-good configuration
  • Live boot media

6. High availability

  • Scalability

7. Restoration order
8. Diversity

  • Technologies
  • Vendors
  • Crypto
  • ​Controls
Explain the security implications of embedded and specialized systems. 1. Embedded systems
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Field-programmable gate array (FPGA)
  • Arduino

2. Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)/industrial control system (ICS)

  • Facilities
  • Industrial
  • Manufacturing
  • Energy
  • Logistics

3. Internet of Things (IoT)

  • Sensors
  • Smart devices
  • Wearables
  • Facility automation
  • Weak defaults

4. Specialized

  • Medical systems
  • Vehicles
  • Aircraft
  • Smart meters

5. Voice over IP (VoIP)
6. Heating, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC)
7. Drones
8. Multifunction printer (MFP)
9. Real-time operating system (RTOS)
10. Surveillance systems
11. System on chip (SoC)
12. Communication considerations

  • 5G
  • Narrow-band
  • Baseband radio
  • Subscriber identity module (SIM) cards
  • Zigbee

13. Constraints

  • Power
  • Compute
  • Network
  • Crypto
  • Inability to patch
  • Authentication
  • Range
  • Cost
  • ​Implied trust
Explain the importance of physical security controls. 1. Bollards/barricades
2. Access control vestibules
3. Badges
4. Alarms
5. Signage
6. Cameras
  • Motion recognition
  • Object detection

7. Closed-circuit television (CCTV)
8. Industrial camouflage
9. Personnel

  • Guards
  • Robot sentries
  • Reception
  • Two-person integrity/control

10. Locks

  • Biometrics
  • Electronic
  • Physical
  • Cable locks

10. USB data blocker
11. Lighting
12. Fencing
13. Fire suppression
14. Sensors

  • Motion detection
  • Noise detection
  • Proximity reader
  • Moisture detection
  • Cards
  • Temperature

15. Drones
16. Visitor logs
17. Faraday cages
18. Air gap
19. Screened subnet (previously known as demilitarized zone)
20. Protected cable distribution
21. Secure areas

  • Air gap
  • Vault
  • Safe
  • Hot aisle
  • Cold aisle

22. Secure data destruction

  • Burning
  • Shredding
  • Pulping
  • Pulverizing
  • Degaussing
  • ​Third-party solutions
Summarize the basics of cryptographic concepts. 1. Digital signatures
2. Key length
3. Key stretching
4. Salting
5. Hashing
6. Key exchange
7. Elliptic-curve cryptography
8. Perfect forward secrecy
9. Quantum
  • Communications
  • Computing

10. Post-quantum
11. Ephemeral
12. Modes of operation

  • Authenticated
  • Unauthenticated
  • Counter

13. Blockchain

  • Public ledgers

14. Cipher suites

  • Stream
  • Block

15. Symmetric vs. asymmetric
16. Lightweight cryptography
17. Steganography

  • Audio
  • Video
  • Image

18. Homomorphic encryption
19. Common use cases

  • Low power devices
  • Low latency
  • High resiliency
  • Supporting confidentiality
  • Supporting integrity
  • Supporting obfuscation
  • Supporting authentication
  • Supporting non-repudiation

20. Limitations

  • Speed
  • Size
  • Weak keys
  • Time
  • Longevity
  • Predictability
  • Reuse
  • Entropy
  • Computational overheads
  • ​Resource vs. security constraints

Implementation - 25%

Given a scenario, implement secure protocols. 1. Protocols
  • Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC)
  • SSH
  • Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME)
  • Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)
  • Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Over SSL (LDAPS)
  • File Transfer Protocol, Secure (FTPS)
  • SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP)
  • Simple Network Management Protocol, version 3 (SNMPv3
  • Hypertext transfer protocol over SSL/TLS (HTTPS)
  • IPSec
    Authentication header (AH)/Encapsulating Security Payloads (ESP)
    Tunnel/transport
  • Post Office Protocol (POP)/Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP)

2. Use cases

  • Voice and video
  • Time synchronization
  • Email and web
  • File transfer
  • Directory services
  • Remote access
  • Domain name resolution
  • Routing and switching
  • Network address allocation
  • ​Subscription services
Given a scenario, implement host or application security solutions.
1. Endpoint protection
  • Antivirus
  • Anti-malware
  • Endpoint detection and response (EDR)
  • DLP
  • Next-generation firewall (NGFW)
  • Host-based intrusion prevention system (HIPS)
  • Host-based intrusion detection system (HIDS)
  • Host-based firewall

2. Boot integrity

  • Boot security/Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI)
  • Measured boot
  • Boot attestation

3. Database

  • Tokenization
  • Salting
  • Hashing

4. Application security

  • Input validations
  • Secure cookies
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) headers
  • Code signing
  • Allow list
  • Block list/deny list
  • Secure coding practices
  • ​Static code analysis
    - Manual code review
  • Dynamic code analysis
  • Fuzzing

5. Hardening

  • Open ports and services
  • Registry
  • Disk encryption
  • OS
  • ​Patch management
    - Third-party updates
    - Auto-update

6. Self-encrypting drive (SED)/full-disk encryption (FDE)

  • Opal

7. Hardware root of trust
8. Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
9. Sandboxing

Given a scenario, implement secure network designs.
1. Load balancing
  • Active/active
  • Active/passive
  • Scheduling
  • Virtual IP
  • Persistence
2. Network segmentation
  • Virtual local area network (VLAN)
  • Screened subnet (previously known as demilitarized zone)
  • East-west traffic
  • Extranet
  • Intranet
  • Zero Trust
3. Virtual private network (VPN)
  • Always-on
  • Split tunnel vs. full tunnel
  • Remote access vs. site-to-site
  • IPSec
  • SSL/TLS
  • HTML5
  • Layer 2 tunneling protocol (L2TP)
4. DNS
5. Network access control (NAC)
  • Agent and agentless
6. Out-of-band management
7. Port security
  • Broadcast storm prevention
  • Bridge Protocol Data Unit (BPDU) guard
  • Loop prevention
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) snooping
  • Media access control (MAC) filtering
8. Network appliances
  • Jump servers
  • Proxy servers
    Forward
    Reverse
  • Network-based intrusion detection system (NIDS)/network-based intrusion prevention system (NIPS)
    Signature-based
    Heuristic/behavior
    Anomaly
    Inline vs. passive
  • HSM
  • Sensors
  • Collectors
  • Aggregators
  • Firewalls
    Web application firewall (WAF)
    NGFW
    Stateful
    Stateless
    Unified threat management (UTM)
    Network address translation (NAT) gateway
    Content/URL filter
    Open-source vs. proprietary
    Hardware vs. software
    Appliance vs. host-based vs. virtual
9. Access control list (ACL)
10. Route security
11. Quality of service (QoS)
12. Implications of IPv6
13. Port spanning/port mirroring
  • Port taps
14. Monitoring services
15. File integrity monitors
Given a scenario, install and configure wireless security settings. 1. Cryptographic protocols
  • WiFi Protected Access 2 (WPA2)
  • WiFi Protected Access 3 (WPA3)
  • Counter-mode/CBC-MAC Protocol (CCMP)
  • Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE)

2. Authentication protocols

  • Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)
  • Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol (PEAP)
  • EAP-FAST
  • EAP-TLS
  • EAP-TTLS
  • IEEE 802.1X
  • Remote Authentication Dial-in User Service (RADIUS) Federation

3. Methods

  • Pre-shared key (PSK) vs. Enterprise vs. Open
  • WiFi Protected Setup (WPS)
  • Captive portals

4. Installation considerations

  • Site surveys
  • Heat maps
  • WiFi analyzers
  • Channel overlaps
  • Wireless access point (WAP) placement
  • ​Controller and access point security
Given a scenario, implement secure mobile solutions 1. Connection methods and receivers
  • Cellular
  • WiFi
  • Bluetooth
  • NFC
  • Infrared
  • USB
  • Point-to-point
  • Point-to-multipoint
  • Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • RFID

2. Mobile device management (MDM)

  • Application management
  • Content management
  • Remote wipe
  • Geofencing
  • Geolocation
  • Screen locks
  • Push notifications
  • Passwords and PINs
  • Biometrics
  • Context-aware authentication
  • Containerization
  • Storage segmentation
  • ​Full device encryption
3. Mobile devices
  • MicroSD hardware security module (HSM)
  • MDM/Unified Endpoint Management (UEM)
  • Mobile application management (MAM)
  • SEAndroid

4. Enforcement and monitoring of:

  • Third-party application stores
  • Rooting/jailbreaking
  • Sideloading
  • Custom firmware
  • Carrier unlocking
  • Firmware over-the-air (OTA) updates
  • Camera use
  • SMS/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)/Rich Communication Services (RCS)
  • External media
  • USB On-The-Go (USB OTG)
  • Recording microphone
  • GPS tagging
  • WiFi direct/ad hoc
  • Tethering
  • Hotspot
  • ​Payment methods
5. Deployment models
  • Bring your own device (BYOD)
  • Corporate-owned personally enabled (COPE)
  • Choose your own device (CYOD)
  • Corporate-owned
  • Virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI)
Given a scenario, apply cybersecurity solutions to the cloud. 1. Cloud security controls
  • High availability across zones
  • Resource policies
  • Secrets management
  • Integration and auditing
  • Storage
    Permissions
    Encryption
    Replication
    High availability
  • Network
    Virtual networks
    Public and private subnets
    Segmentation
    API inspection and integration
  • Compute
    Security groups
    Dynamic resource allocation
    Instance awareness
    Virtual private cloud (VPC) endpoint
    Container security

2. Solutions

  • CASB
  • Application security
  • Next-generation secure web gateway (SWG)
  • Firewall considerations in a cloud environment
    Cost
    Need for segmentation
    Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) layers

3. Cloud native controls vs. third-party solutions

Given a scenario, implement identity and
account management controls.
1. Identity
  • Identity provider (IdP)
  • Attributes
  • Certificates
  • Tokens
  • SSH keys
  • Smart cards

2. Account types

  • User account
  • Shared and generic accounts/credentials
  • Guest accounts
  • Service accounts

3. Account policies

  • Password complexity
  • Password history
  • Password reuse
  • Network location
  • Geofencing
  • Geotagging
  • Geolocation
  • Time-based logins
  • Access policies
  • Account permissions
  • Account audits
  • Impossible travel time/risky login
  • Lockout
  • ​Disablement
Given a scenario, implement authentication
and authorization solutions.
1. Authentication management
  • Password keys
  • Password vaults
  • TPM
  • HSM
  • Knowledge-based authentication

2. Authentication/authorization

  • EAP
  • Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)
  • Password Authentication Protocol (PAP)
  • 802.1X
  • RADIUS
  • Single sign-on (SSO)
  • Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)
  • Terminal Access Controller Access Control System Plus (TACACS+)
  • OAuth
  • OpenID
  • Kerberos

3. Access control schemes

  • Attribute-based access control (ABAC)
  • Role-based access control
  • Rule-based access control
  • MAC
  • Discretionary access control (DAC)
  • Conditional access
  • Privileged access management
  • ​Filesystem permissions
Given a scenario, implement public key infrastructure. 1. Public key infrastructure (PKI)
  • Key management
  • Certificate authority (CA)
  • Intermediate CA
  • Registration authority (RA)
  • Certificate revocation list (CRL)
  • Certificate attributes
  • Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)
  • Certificate signing request (CSR)
  • CN
  • Subject alternative name
  • Expiration

2. Types of certificates

  • Wildcard
  • Subject alternative name
  • Code signing
  • Self-signed
  • Machine/computer
  • Email
  • User
  • Root
  • Domain validation
  • Extended validation

3. Certificate formats

  • Distinguished encoding rules (DER)
  • Privacy enhanced mail (PEM)
  • Personal information exchange (PFX)
  • .cer
  • P12
  • ​P7B
4. Concepts
  • Online vs. offline CA
  • Stapling
  • Pinning
  • Trust model
  • Key escrow
  • Certificate chaining

Operations and Incident Response - 16%

Given a scenario, use the appropriate tool to
assess organizational security.
1. Network reconnaissance and discovery
  • tracert/traceroute
  • nslookup/dig
  • ipconfig/ifconfig
  • nmap
  • ping/pathping
  • hping
  • netstat
  • netcat
  • IP scanners
  • arp
  • route
  • curl
  • theHarvester
  • sn1per
  • scanless
  • dnsenum
  • Nessus
  • Cuckoo

2. File manipulation

  • head
  • tail
  • cat
  • grep
  • chmod
  • logger

3. Shell and script environments

  • SSH
  • PowerShell
  • Python
  • OpenSSL

4. Packet capture and replay

  • Tcpreplay
  • Tcpdump
  • Wireshark

5. Forensics

  • dd
  • Memdump
  • WinHex
  • FTK imager
  • Autopsy

6. Exploitation frameworks
7. Password crackers
8. Data sanitization

Summarize the importance of policies, processes, and procedures for incident response. 1. Incident response plans
2. Incident response process
  • Preparation
  • Identification
  • Containment
  • Eradication
  • Recovery
  • ​Lessons learned
3. Exercises
  • Tabletop
  • Walkthroughs
  • Simulations
4. Attack frameworks
  • MITRE ATT&CK
  • The Diamond Model of Intrusion Analysis
  • Cyber Kill Chain
5. Stakeholder management
6. Communication plan
7. Disaster recovery plan
8. Business continuity plan
9. Continuity of operations planning (COOP)
10. Incident response team
11. Retention policies
Given an incident, utilize appropriate data
sources to support an investigation.
1. Vulnerability scan output
2. SIEM dashboards
  • Sensor
  • Sensitivity
  • Trends
  • Alerts
  • Correlation

3. Log files

  • Network
  • System
  • Application
  • Security
  • Web
  • DNS
  • Authentication
  • Dump files
  • VoIP and call managers
  • Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) traffic

4. syslog/rsyslog/syslog-ng
5. journalctl
6. NXLog
7. Bandwidth monitors
8. Metadata

  • Email
  • Mobile
  • Web
  • File

9. Netflow/sFlow

  • Netflow
  • sFlow
  • IPFIX

10. Protocol analyzer output

Given an incident, apply mitigation techniques
or controls to secure an environment.
1. Reconfigure endpoint security solutions
  • Application approved list
  • Application blocklist/deny list
  • Quarantine

2. Configuration changes

  • Firewall rules
  • MDM
  • DLP
  • Content filter/URL filter
  • Update or revoke certificates

3. Isolation
4. Containment
5. Segmentation
6. SOAR

  • Runbooks
  • ​Playbooks
Explain the key aspects of digital forensics. 1. Documentation/evidence
  • Legal hold
  • Video
  • Admissibility
  • Chain of custody
  • Timelines of sequence of events
    Time stamps
    Time offset
  • Tags
  • Reports
  • Event logs
  • Interviews

2. Acquisition

  • Order of volatility
  • Disk
  • Random-access memory (RAM)
  • Swap/pagefile
  • OS
  • Device
  • Firmware
  • Snapshot
  • Cache
  • Network
  • Artifacts

3. On-premises vs. cloud

  • Right-to-audit clauses
  • Regulatory/jurisdiction
  • Data breach notification laws

4. Integrity

  • Hashing
  • Checksums
  • Provenance

5. Preservation
6. E-discovery
7. Data recovery
8. Non-repudiation
9. Strategic intelligence/counterintelligence

Governance, Risk, and Compliance - 14%

Compare and contrast various types of controls. 1. Category
  • Managerial
  • Operational
  • Technical

2. Control type

  • Preventive
  • Detective
  • Corrective
  • Deterrent
  • Compensating
  • ​Physical
Explain the importance of applicable regulations, standards, or
frameworks that impact organizational security posture.
1. Regulations, standards, and legislation
  • General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
  • National, territory, or state laws
  • Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS)

2. Key frameworks

  • Center for Internet Security (CIS)
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Risk Management Framework (RMF)/Cybersecurity Framework (CSF)
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 27001/27002/27701/31000
  • SSAE SOC 2 Type I/II
  • Cloud security alliance
  • Cloud control matrix
  • ​Reference architecture
3. Benchmarks /secure configuration guides
  • Platform/vendor-specific guides
    Web server
    OS
    Application server
    Network infrastructure devices
Explain the importance of policies to organizational security. 1. Personnel
  • Acceptable use policy
  • Job rotation
  • Mandatory vacation
  • Separation of duties
  • Least privilege
  • Clean desk space
  • Background checks
  • Non-disclosure agreement (NDA)
  • Social media analysis
  • Onboarding
  • Offboarding
  • User training
  1. Gamification
  2. Capture the flag
  3. Phishing campaigns
    - Phishing simulations
    - Computer-based training (CBT)
    - Role-based training

2. Diversity of training techniques
3. Third-party risk management

  • Vendors
  • Supply chain
  • Business partners
  • Service level agreement (SLA)
  • Memorandum of understanding (MOU)
  • Measurement systems analysis (MSA)
  • Business partnership agreement (BPA)
  • End of life (EOL)
  • End of service life (EOSL)
  • NDA

4. Data

  • Classification
  • Governance
  • Retention

5. Credential policies

  • Personnel
  • Third-party
  • Devices
  • Service accounts
  • Administrator/root accounts

6. Organizational policies

  • Change management
  • Change control
  • ​Asset management
Summarize risk management processes and concepts. 1. Risk types
  • External
  • Internal
  • Legacy systems
  • Multiparty
  • IP theft
  • Software compliance/licensing
2. Risk management strategies
  • Acceptance
  • Avoidance
  • Transference
    Cybersecurity insurance
  • Mitigation

3. Risk analysis

  • Risk register
  • Risk matrix/heat map
  • Risk control assessment
  • Risk control self-assessment
  • Risk awareness
  • Inherent risk
  • Residual risk
  • Control risk
  • Risk appetite
  • Regulations that affect risk posture
  • Risk assessment types
    Qualitative
    Quantitative
  • Likelihood of occurrence
  • Impact
  • Asset value
  • Single-loss expectancy (SLE)
  • Annualized loss expectancy (ALE)
  • Annualized rate of occurrence (ARO)
4. Disasters
  • Environmental
  • Person-made
  • Internal vs. external
5. Business impact analysis
  • Recovery time objective (RTO)
  • Recovery point objective (RPO)
  • Mean time to repair (MTTR)
  • Mean time between failures (MTBF)
  • Functional recovery plans
  • Single point of failure
  • Disaster recovery plan (DRP)
  • Mission essential functions
  • Identification of critical systems
  • Site risk assessment
Explain privacy and sensitive data concepts in relation to security. 1. Organizational consequences of privacy and data breaches
  • Reputation damage
  • Identity theft
  • Fines
  • IP theft

2. Notifications of breaches

  • Escalation
  • Public notifications and disclosures

3. Data types

  • Classifications
    Public
    Private
    Sensitive
    Confidential
    Critical
    Proprietary
  • Personally identifiable information (PII)
  • Health information
  • Financial information
  • Government data
  • Customer data

4. Privacy enhancing technologies

  • Data minimization
  • Data masking
  • Tokenization
  • Anonymization
  • Pseudo-anonymization

5. Roles and responsibilities

  • Data owners
  • Data controller
  • Data processor
  • Data custodian/steward
  • Data protection officer (DPO)
6. Information life cycle
7. Impact assessment
8. Terms of agreement
9. Privacy notice

To ensure success in CompTIA Security Plus certification exam, we recommend authorized training course, practice test and hands-on experience to prepare for CompTIA Security+ (SY0-601) exam.

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